How To Write An Abstract
Last updated on: Feb 16, 2023
By: Donna C.
7 min read
Reviewed By: Melisa C.
Published on: Oct 3, 2022
Writing an abstract is different from any other type of writing. It is a challenging yet exciting task for many. You have to make your abstract look unique and compelling. Unfortunately, not many people know how to write a perfect abstract.
Have you written your research paper or research proposal and are now having trouble writing an effective abstract? Then this guide is for you!
Knowing the tips and tricks to write a good abstract is important. Therefore, we provide you with a complete guide and examples to help you write an article professionally.
You can write a great abstract to impress the reader by following the guidelines given in this blog.
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An abstract is a concise summary that gives an overall view of the paper. The abstract is considered an important section of research papers or literature reviews as it is the first thing your reader will see. After reading the abstract, readers will decide whether to read the rest of the paper or not.
You will write an abstract once you have finished the write-up of your project. This is because it has to summarize the methods, results, and discussion.
Word count may vary for different abstracts, but an abstract in general is usually around 250 words. First, however, check if your journal requires a strict word limit.
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An abstract contains 4 key elements:
“How to write an abstract in APA format?”
Below is an example to help you write an abstract in APA format:
Whether writing a thesis or submitting a research article for publication in a journal, you will always have to include a well-written abstract. An abstract is a self-contained and independent text, and it is the very last thing you will compose.
There are 5 types of abstracts: Critical, highlight, informative, descriptive, and structured. Most students are given assignments to write informative or structured abstracts.
However, follow the instructions and guidelines given by your instructor to figure out the type of abstract you need to write:
The main aim is to compare your project with another researcher’s work. A critical abstract consists of words around 500 in length.
In most cases, this type of abstract eliminates the necessity for reading the full paper as the paper’s contents are mentioned in the abstract.
You might get a chance to write an informative abstract in your class assignment.
A descriptive abstract does not have the keywords present in the text of the article or paper. However, it only presents the aim, methods, and scope of the research project.
The word limit of descriptive abstracts is around 100 words or less, which is shorter than other types of abstracts.
A well-written abstract will compel the reader to read the rest of your research paper. It contains all information from the introduction to the results and conclusion concisely.
You can also follow the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, which is the style manual of choice for editors, educators, writers, and students in the behavioral and social sciences.
“How to write an abstract for a research paper?”
Below are some of the basic steps you can follow to write a good abstract of a research paper:
1. Complete the Write Up of Your Research
Although the abstract is added at the beginning of the research paper, it has to be written after you write your paper.
It is the second important section after the title and follows the main body of your paper. This is because the abstract is the research paper’s summary, and it can’t be written unless the entire paper or article has already been written.
2. Review your Journal’s Requirements
If you want to get your article or paper published in a specific journal, you need to check for their requirements regarding style and length. Remember to consider the requirements before starting an abstract.
3. Consider the Target Audience
Abstracts are written in a way that attracts the target audience. Therefore, they have to be devised to help readers decide whether they want to read the entire work or not.
Therefore, it is important to target readers and use convenient language that is easy to understand for a layman. This will increase your paper’s reach.
4. Determine the Abstract Type
You must identify whether you have to write a descriptive, informative, highlight, structured or critical abstract. You might have been assigned to write a particular type of abstract. If not, then you must figure out your preference.
5. Explain and Discuss the Problem
You have to discuss the specific problem that is addressed by your research. First, identify your main argument or claim and your study’s scope. Then, determine whether it’s a general or a specific problem.
“How to write an abstract sentence?”
You have to begin your abstract with a brief statement of the problem. Do not add unnecessary details.
6. Explain and discuss Your Methods
After explaining the problem, you will now explain the methods you used to conduct your research.
Next, you will discuss your approach and your variables to conduct the research. Finally, you will include the evidence to support your claims.
Do not forget to mention the types of analyses and sample size used in the research.
7. Discuss Your Results
The part of the findings is included only in an informative abstract. You will share the complete answers and results you obtained from your research.
8. Provide a Conclusion
You will finalize your abstract by explaining your findings and the importance of your article. Then, conclude it in a sentence of two to justify the work you did in your research.
If you want to get your research paper published, you have to add keywords at the end of the abstract. The keywords you will add will reference the most crucial elements of the research so that potential readers can easily find your paper.
However, publication manuals have set particular formatting for keywords, such as APA style. Therefore, make sure you follow the instructions properly.
To learn how to write an abstract, read the example below.
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Learn more about writing an abstract by following more examples given in the next section.
Below you can find some of the examples to help you in writing an abstract:
Read the following tips to write an impressive abstract:
An abstract summarizes your research and must be written within a strict word limit. However, you might face challenges while compiling your entire research into 250 words or less. Therefore, skip the following details to write a good abstract:
Hopefully, this blog must have helped you write a great abstract for your research paper or any other project.
However, if you face issues writing an abstract of your research paper, thesis, project, or thesis, you can contact EssayWriterNow.com to get professional help. Our professional essay writer will help you write an impressive abstract.
An abstract of a lab report is written between 100 to 200 words and must include the following 4 elements:
For her job, Donna has received the highest reviews and ratings. She likes writing about a wide range of themes, but her main interests are social issues, current events, and human interest stories. In the field, she is recognized for her dynamic, professional writing style that engages readers.
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