By: Caleb S.
8 min read
Reviewed By: Rylee W.
Published on: Sep 13, 2022
Writing argumentative essays can be a daunting task for many students. It requires you to research, evaluate evidence, and present your argument in an organized and convincing way.
You may feel overwhelmed by the amount of work required to craft a compelling argument that will convince your reader of your point of view.
Plus, there are so many different types of argumentative essay formats that it can be hard to know where to start.
Fortunately, writing an argumentative essay doesn’t have to be as difficult as it seems!
With careful planning and organization, you can write an effective argumentative essay that presents your ideas clearly and persuasively.
In this guide, we'll show you how!
We'll walk you through the steps of creating an argumentative essay. Follow our advice and you’ll be crafting argumentative essays like a pro in no time!
Ready to get started? Let's go!
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An argumentative essay is a type of academic writing in which you present an argument on a particular topic and attempt to persuade your reader.
Your argument should be supported by evidence and logic, with the goal of convincing the reader that your point of view is valid. Argumentative essays are often used in debates and persuasive writing.
The argumentative essay uses several types of argument claims to make its case. These argument claims include:
We'll explain each type of argument claim in detail below, so you can understand how to use each one in your argumentative essays.
Factual claims are statements that can be proven with evidence. They are based on facts and figures, rather than opinions or personal beliefs. Examples of factual claims include:
Definition claims are statements that provide a definition for a particular term or concept. Examples of definition claims include:
Value claims are statements about the value or worth of something. Examples of value claims include:
Cause and effect claims are statements that explain the relationship between two things. Examples of cause and effect claims include:
Policy claims are statements that propose solutions to problems. Examples of policy claims include:
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Now that you are familiar with the various kinds of argument claims, let's analyze the three main types of arguments.
1) Aristotelian Argument
2) Toulmin Argument
3) Rogerian Argument
Let's examine these arguments and learn how to put them into practice!
The Aristotelian argument is the most commonly used argumentative essay structure. It consists of a claim, a counterclaim, and a rebuttal to the counterclaim.
The idea behind this argument is that if one can prove their argument has more evidence than the opposing argument, then their argument must be valid.
To do this you need to provide data to support your argument as well as refute the counterargument.
The Toulmin argument is based on the idea that argument is a process of making claims, and providing evidence for those claims.
In this argument structure, you will present your claim first, followed by evidence to support it. You then need to acknowledge any counterarguments to your argument and provide evidence to refute those arguments.
This argument structure allows you to make your argument more persuasive and sound reasoning.
The Rogerian argument is a style of argument that seeks to find common ground between two opposing sides.
It acknowledges the opposing argument, takes into consideration both points of view, and then makes a compromise argument.
This argument structure takes into account the validity of both sides and attempts to find a middle ground between them.
It is useful for argumentative essays that require finding a solution to an issue that has multiple perspectives.
Now that you know the three main argument structures, it is time to learn how to outline an argumentative essay.
Outlining your argumentative essay is an important step in getting from the research phase to writing your argument paper. An argumentative essay follows a specific structure:
2) Body Paragraphs
The introduction should provide the reader with an overview of your argument and what you will be talking about.
In the body paragraphs, you will present your argument claims and supporting evidence in a logical order.
The counterargument gives room for opposing views to be acknowledged and then refuted by providing evidence.
The rebuttal should address any argument that was initially put forward but has not been addressed yet. Finally, the conclusion ties everything together in a neat package, summarizing your argument and reaffirming why it is valid.
Here’s an argumentative essay outline:
Now that you know the basics of argumentative essay structure, let's look at how to write one step-by-step.
The first step in writing an argumentative essay is to decide on a topic and do some research. Once you have an argument in mind, you can start researching both sides of the argument, and your position on the topic.
You should gather evidence that supports your argument and any counterarguments you plan to address.
Once you have all the information you need, it is time to make an outline. An argumentative essay follows a specific structure:
Introduction, body paragraphs, counterargument and rebuttal, and conclusion.
Begin by writing down your argument in the introduction. Then outline the body paragraphs including claims and evidence to support them.
Include a section for the counterargument that acknowledges opposing views and then refutes them with evidence. End with a conclusion that summarizes your argument.
Check out the argumentative essay outline for more information.
Now that you have a structure, it is time to draft your argument. Begin by writing an introduction paragraph that provides the reader with an overview of your argument.
The introduction should also include a thesis statement that states the argument in one sentence. Then move on to developing each argument in individual body paragraphs.
Make sure to include evidence to support each argument and address any counterarguments.
Once you have finished drafting your argumentative essay, it is time to edit. Make sure that all the argument claims are supported by evidence.
Check for grammar and spelling mistakes, stylistic errors, and any argumentative fallacies.
The last step is to proofread your argument essay for any remaining errors. Read it out loud or have a friend read it to catch any mistakes you might have missed.
Once you are satisfied with the argument, you can submit your argumentative essay.
After learning how to craft a compelling argumentative essay, let's now explore some inspiring examples.
Looking for more examples? Here’s a complete blog on argumentative essay examples.
Now that you have the argumentative essay structure and examples, it's time to pick a topic. Below are some argumentative essay topics to get you started.
Check out these argumentative essay topics for more information.
To wrap up, here are a few tips that can help you write a solid argumentative essay:
By following the steps above and drawing on argumentative essay examples, you will be able to write a compelling argumentative essay in no time!
Still, figuring out how to write argumentative essays? Here’s a video to get you started.
In conclusion, argumentative essays are an important part of academic writing.
From understanding argumentative essay structure to choosing argumentative topics and gathering evidence, writing argumentative essays can be a rewarding process.
With the steps outlined in this blog, you will be able to craft different types of essays that can spark meaningful conversation and have a real impact.
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Caleb S. has extensive experience in writing and holds a Masters from Oxford University. He takes great satisfaction in helping students exceed their academic goals. Caleb always puts the needs of his clients first and is dedicated to providing quality service.
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