Chicago Style Citation Guide With Examples & Tips

chicago style

The Chicago Manual of Style is considered one of America's most widely used citation styles. It was published in 1906 by the University Of Chicago Press, with 17 editions prescribing writing styles for American English that are currently popular among publishers across different genres from academia.

The Chicago Style Guide, created by Kate L. Turabian, is a handy guide that students and researchers can use for their work.

Moreover, it is a resource for those who are writing papers and dissertations. It teaches students how to structure their work so that they can cite sources properly, using the appropriate format.

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Start reading this blog and get complete information about it.

What is the Chicago Style Citation?

The Chicago Manual of Style is an internationally-recognized citation style. This citation style is a must-have for any academic student who has to write research papers and publications.

It is widely used in the humanities. The most common types of Chicago citation is:

  • Notes and bibliography system: It is a more common Chicago style citation. The citations are placed in the footnotes or endnotes with the bibliography. The bibliography is organized in alphabetical order, so you can find all the sources easily.

  • Author-date: This type is also called the Harvard system, and it is used in natural and social sciences. This style citation uses parenthetical in-text citations followed by the reference list.

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Chicago Style Format

In Chicago style, papers are typically formatted differently from APA or MLA. For your help, we compiled some information that you can use and format your paper accordingly.

  • Chicago Style Title Page

    The Chicago-style paper does not need a title page, but it's worth putting in some extra effort if your teacher asks.

    Below are some rules that will help you format the title page in Chicago style.

    • Do not write the page number on the title page.
    • Use 1-inch margins on all sides of the page.
    • Use a readable font type and size.
    • Use bold font for title and subtitles.
    • Write the first name, last name, due date, and course number below the main title.
    • Use double-space between sentences.

    Formatting a title page is important because it's the first thing people see when they open your document.

    Make sure you format correctly, so there are no errors in formatting, and give them an aesthetically pleasing look.

  • Chicago Style Heading

    The Chicago Manual of Style is a great resource for formatting your papers. It has many recommendations on how to make headings and subheadings, but it does not prescribe an exact system as APA or MLA.

    The following are some points that you will follow if you use the heading and subheading in your document.

    • Use a bold and large font for the heading.
    • Use the same format for all chapter headings.
    • Use italics font for the subheading.
    • Avoid ending subheadings with periods.
    • Avoid underlining the heading and subheading.
    • Subheadings should write on a new line.

    You can't afford any mistakes when it comes to making a perfect and professional paper. Keep this in mind, and format the headings/subheadings correctly, so there are no formatting problems.

  • Chicago Style Quotes

    Chicago-style papers use block quotes to display poetry and prose. They do not use quotation marks, which makes their format more stylized than most other styles. Five lines or longer for prose pieces with two-line long poems being presented in this manner.

    Instead of using quotation marks, you add a blank line to make it different. Chicago style block quotes are indented and single-spaced.

  • Chicago Style Numbers and Acronyms

    The Chicago Manual of Style is a classic style that has been used for decades. It doesn't have many rules when it comes to numbers and acronyms.

    However, numbers are spelled out as numbers. For example, the number 99 is spelled out as ninety-nine.

    When using acronyms, the first time you use them in your paper refers to their full form. Then after that point, they can be referred to by just the initial letter(s) of each word, for example, "ACLU."

  • Chicago Style Figures and Tables

    Place figures and tables directly under the text where they are mentioned. Follow these few simple rules for using figures and tables:

    • Use single space for captions.
    • Write the caption under the image.
    • Image name should be in consecutive order.
    • Use a blank line between the caption and the body text.

    Make sure you format the tables and figures correctly. It is important for a perfect paper, which will make it more professional.

  • Chicago Style Footnote Citation

    Chicago footnotes are strategically placed at the bottom of each page, and they're just like regular text. Footnotes can be used to add bibliographic information about sources.

  • Chicago Style References and Bibliography

    To make your Chicago references and bibliography lists stand out, they should be formatted differently. There should always be a blank line between entries, and if there are continued lines, they'll have an extra ½ inch indented.

    A reference list is used with author-date citations, while a bibliography is used with footnote citations.

    The below table shows the format of different sources.

    Sources Format for Reference
    Book First Name Last Name of Author, Title of Book (Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year of Publication), page range.
    Journal Article First Name Last Name of Author, “Article Title,” Journal Name Volume Number, no. of issue (Date published): Page-Range, DOI address.
    Website First Name Last Name of Author, “Title of Page,” Title of Website, Month Day, date published or accessed, web address.
    Newspaper Author last name, first name. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication, month date, year. URL if applicable.
    Youtube Channel name. “Video Title.” Month date, year. Video, length. URL.
    Magazine First Name Last Name of Author, “Article Title,” Magazine Title, Month Date, Year of Publication, web address OR database name.
    Film Film Title, directed by First Name Last Name (Distributor City, St: Distributor, Year of Release), Medium.
    Lecture Title of Lecture, instruction by First Name Last Name, prof. Venue, City, ST, Month, Day Year.
    Published Interview First Name Last Name, “Title of Interview,” interview by First Name Last Name, Title of Program, Station, MonUseium, length, web address. Last Name, First Name. “Title of Interview.” Interview by First Name Last Name. Title of Program, Station, Month Day, Year broadcasted. Medium, Length. Web address.
    Unpublished Interview First Name Last Name of person being interviewed (Role and other information to allow the reader to understand their significance) in discussion with the author, Month, Year of interview.
    Encyclopedia Title of Reference Book, Numbered ed. (Year published), s.v. “entry word.”
  • Chicago Style In-Text Citation

    There are two ways to cite sources in Chicago style, i.e.,

    1. Author-date style
    2. Bibliography

    It is important for you to choose one of two citation options and use them consistently throughout your text.

    Footnotes and endnotes are different. The footnotes are at the bottom of your page, and the endnotes appear in their own section.

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Chicago Style Citation Example

Below is an example that will help you write the perfect paper in Chicago citation style.

Chicago Style Template(PDF)

Chicago Style Template

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Chicago Style Citation Tips

Here are a few tips from our professional writers on how you can easily cite your paper in Chicago style.

  • Use the italic font for titles and subtitles of major works, such as books.
  • The use of quotation marks is not necessary when dealing with block quotes.
  • Font size is an important element in the layout of your document. It should be used to separate main headings from subheadings and provide you with more readable text.
  • Double-space all the text in your work. This includes block quotations, entries from citations, and notes that you document.
  • The perfect way to format your bibliography is by adding an extra space before and after the entry.
  • Carefully mentioned the publication dates.
  • Follow the proper format for bibliography entries and the author-date system.
  • Keep the source types in your mind.
  • Do not mix the author-note and bibliography style.
  • Keep all the guidelines of the Chicago manual of style online 16th edition in your mind.

You get a complete guide on Chicago citation style with professionally written examples. However, sometimes students get confused and need professional help, so consult

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Is Chicago style the same as MLA?

Two different writing styles are often used for papers: the Chicago style is used for history subjects, and the MLA style is used for papers on English subjects.

Is Chicago style and APA the same?

These two citation styles are different. Chicago style is generally used by history, business, and the fine arts. APA is used by education, psychology, and sciences.